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# The Geography Curriculum

The Geography curriculum in school is divided into three key areas:

Physical Processes:

  • The water cycle
  • How are mountains and volcanoes formed?
  • How do earthquakes happen and why do we get tsunamis?
  • Why does the weather change?

More information and activities around these processes are accessible via the menu.

BBC Bitesize is a great source for these areas and has specific learning aimed at either Key Stage 2 (Years 3-6) or Key Stage 1 (Years 1-2).  When you are deciding which to choose, think about what is appropriate for your child.  Year 6 children for example are about to start Key Stage 3, so may want to begin here.  It's also worth remembering that if you are working 1:1 with your child, they may be able to access more complicated ideas than would be the case in a class of 30.  Don't feel you need to rush ahead though: take time to work through and explore the age-appropriate learning that is available.

Understanding of place, involves learning the location of places and understanding how they are similar to, or different from, other places.  The National Curriculum says you need to know these facts:

By the end of Year 2

  • Name and locate the seven continents and five oceans
  • Name the four countries of the United Kingdom, their capitals and how they are different to each other.

By the end of Year 6

  • Learn the names and locations of the countries of the world and their largest cities (yes, all of them!)
  • Learn the names and locations of the counties and cities of the United Kingdom
  • Learn the names and locations of rivers, mountain ranges and other physical feature
  • Know and identify some key geographical terms:  latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

There are some good sources of information online for these activities and of course there are many tv programmes about different parts of the world: and the website Maps of the world have some great interactive maps and links to other types of locational learning.

Field work, is perhaps the most difficult to undertake in the current situation as we are restricted in our movement outside of the house.  Fieldwork involves solving a problem by collecting data.  This could be by counting the number of cars that travel along a road at different times of the day, or counting where daisies grow most abundantly.

Enjoy your learning and please feel free to send us examples of what you have done.